View all series for BOARD FOR HIGHER EDUCATION
Created in 1976, the Board for Higher Education (Chapter 538,
Acts of 1976) replaced the Maryland Council for Higher Education
and its predecessor the Maryland Advisory Council on Higher
Education (Chapter 41, Acts of 1963). The Board consisted of
eleven voting members, serving five year terms, who were
appointed by the Governor with the consent and advice of the
Senate. The Chairman of the Student Advisory Assembly to the
State Board for Higher Education served a one year term as a
non-voting student member. Policies adopted by the Board were
implemented by the Commissioner for Higher Education.
Established in 1963, the Maryland Advisory Council on Higher
Education was created to investigate the educational needs of the
State in the areas of undergraduate, graduate, adult education,
professional training, and research and teaching facilities.
After conducting studies, the council presented its findings and
recommendations to the various institutions, advising them of
potential areas for development and statewide coordination of
resources. In assuming the advisory role of its predecessors, the
Board for Higher Education expanded its duties to include more
extensive responsibility and power to coordinate and regulate
Maryland's higher education system. In conjunction with continued
research on the needs and resources of the universities and
colleges, the board in 1986 developed a master plan outlining
statewide educational goals. Revised yearly as necessary, this
plan served as a basis for ensuring compliance to established
guidelines in financial and academic matters.
The board granted approval to operate to all of Maryland's public
and private postsecondary institutions based on their adherence
to standards for issuing certificates and degrees. Proposals for
new educational programs were also reviewed by the board prior to
being implemented in order to ensure that standards were met and
that equal educational opportunity was provided to all students.
The state institutions were required to submit their budgetary
requests to the Board for Higher Education for review and
approval, and an operating budget was established yearly
including guidelines for tuition, fees, and faculty salaries.
As of 1978 all postsecondary educational institutions that
discontinued operation were required to transfer their records to
the board for permanent retention (Chapter 538, Acts of 1976).
The academic records of former students were the main focus of
The Board for Higher Education was superseded in 1988 by the
Higher Education Commission.