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Icon Information on BRG55 - Passenger Arrival Records


Series Information
BALTIMORE CITY
BALTIMORE CITY ARCHIVES
Passenger Arrival Records
1833-1875
BRG55

Series Description
In 1833 a state law was enacted requiring the captain of each vessel entering Baltimore to register the names of all immigrants and to pay $1.50 for each German or Irish immigrant over five years old. This law was the result of a decade of agitation over immigration fueled by the fear of disease, financial strain on local charities, and a large number of paupers; the intent of this law was to restrict immigration.

Eventually the funds derived from this tax went to relief agencies. Starting in 1834 two-fifths of this income was passed to the German and Hibernian Societies for assistance to German and Irish immigrants who composed the vast majority of the foreigners. After 1842 the remainder of the monies went to the Trustees for the Poor of Baltimore City and County. This system finally ended in 1875 when the United States Supreme Court ruled that such taxes were unconstitutional.

For more information on the history of these records see Richard J. Cox, "The Creation and Maintenance of Baltimore's Passenger Ship Lists by the Municipal Government, 1833-1866," Maryland Genealogical Society Bulletin 22 (Winter 1981): 2-9.




Related Series
DEPARTMENT OF LEGISLATIVE REFERENCE, CITY ARCHIVES (Ship Manifests) T2821 1833-1866



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Found 4 total items for this series.

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DateSeries NameLegacy Accession NumberDescriptionMSA Citation
  Details1833-1866Passenger Arrival ListsRG 55 S1 BRG55-1
  Details1833-1875Passenger Ships Arriving in Port of BaltimoreRG 55 S2 BRG55-2
  Details1832, 1834BondsRG 55 S3 BRG55-3
  Details1833-1866Passenger List Index The Passenger List Index for the immigrant passenger lists.BRG55-4
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