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(Mayor's Office)

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The municipal government of 1796 was modeled after the Federal Constitution with a two-branch legislature (City Council) and an independent executive (Mayor). Reflecting the conservative philosophy behind the charter, office holding and voting were restricted to men of means. The City Council's two branches provided a voice to the general populace through a popularly elected lower chamber with the composition of an upper chamber being the social and political elite. Members of the lower chamber, or first branch, of the City Council had to possess $1,000 of assessed property and were popularly elected on an annual basis, two from each ward. Ballots were cast from voice vote by residents owning property worth at least thirty pounds currency. Every other year, voters selected one elector from each ward and the electors chose the eight members of the upper chamber, or second branch, of the Council. For consideration to serve in the second branch, individuals had to own $2,000 in property. The Mayor, with the same minimum qualifications as members of the second branch, was also selected by the electors at the same time.

The 1796 charter granted the Mayor and City Council specific power to regulate markets, streets, lots, bridges, police, fire companies, sewers, public health, and the harbor. The municipal government also levied taxes andenacted all laws necessary to govern the city within the authority conferred by the charter. While this system gave Baltimore more local authority than it had ever possessed, the State continued its traditional dominance in many areas. The State was reluctant to part with its traditional power, even into the twentieth century. It was not until 1915, for example, that Baltimore gained the right to amen its charter without first seeking approval from the state.

According to the charter the Mayor assumed the position of prime importance in the municipal government. Mayoral authority covered supervision of elections, enforcement of ordinances, and the power to veto. The Mayor also appointed all city officers from a list supplied by the City Council; supervised the operation of the police force, harbor dredging, and street lighting; directed a variety of attempts for introduction of fresh water into the city; and administered the municipal budget. Equipped with a broad range of responsibility and prerogative, the Mayor's Office was firmly established as the most significant element of Baltimore government by 1800.

Many aspects of the Baltimore executive changed during the antebellum period. For the first two decades under the charter, the Mayor selected one of two candidates supplied by the Council for each official position to be filled. Until this time the second branch had sole authority to nominate one of the two candidates for appointed positions (the Mayor nominated the other). This privilege changed in 1808 when both nominees were chosen by the two branches in joint council convention. In 1817 the Mayor gained authority to freely nominate any individual he wished with the Council's advice and consent. The Maryland General Assembly revised the city electoral system and provided for direct election of the Mayor in 1833. The burgeoning municipal debt led to the appointment of the Mayor and representatives of the Council to form a Board of Commissioners of Finance in 1818. The Mayor was president of the Board of Commissioners of public schools when it formed in 1829 and three decades later the Mayor became chairman of the new water board. Through his appointments, the executive even influenced those official bodies on which he did note serve.

The City Council also underwent modification in its early years. In 1808 several major changes occurred. The use of electors to select the second branch was discontinued in favor of direct popular elections and the property requirements for council members were sharply curtailed. Increased population in 1845 caused the redistricting of Baltimore's fourteen wards into twenty. At the same time, to maintain a manageable sized chamber, representation in the first branch was reduced from two members to one member per ward. Concurrent reorganization of the second branch provided for the election of the delegates from every two contiguous wards. By the mid-nineteenth century, the Mayor found his authority diminished. The state stripped the executive of jurisdiction over the local police and created the Board of Police Commissioners to superintend the force. This action was justified by the inability - or unwillingness - of the Baltimore police to put down the violent election riots of the 1850's. Pointing to the city's laxity concerning fair voting procedures, the assembly also transferred responsibility of election supervision from the Mayor to the Police Commissioners in 1860.

Despite such curtailment of authority, the influence of the Mayor continued to expand during the second half of the nineteenth century. Mayoral initiative guided the growth of the city bureaucracy and most of the new jobs created were tied into Mayoral patronage. Despite this single source of power, the city government developed haphazardly and by the late 1890's over forty municipal agencies existed, all of which functioned independently of one another.

A remedy was sought in 1898 when Mayor William T. Malster appointed a commission to frame a new City Charter. Quickly approved, the charte consolidated the profusion of city agencies into nine departments. The most significant change was the creation of a Board of Estimates charged with determining the municipal budget. As the Mayoe and two of his appointees formed a majority of the five-member board, the executive gained centralized control of budgetary matters.

The 1898 municipal charter drastically reduced the power of the City Council. Previously the Joint Ways and Means Committee of the City Council annually established the municipal tax rate and the appropriation schedule for municipal departments. With the establishment of a Board of Estimates in 1898 the Council could only reduce appropriations in the budget as prepared by the board. Through the Mayor's domination of the board, his power increased while that of the Council ebbed. The desire for greater Council efficiency led in 1922 to the restructuring from a bicameral to a unicameral body. Three delegates elected from each of the six newly created councilmanic districts served four year terms. This system remains in effect today.

During the twenty years following the 1898 charter, the Mayor reached a zenith in his power. The introduction of a Civil Service System for city employees in 1919 lessened the Mayor's power through the demise of widespread political patronage. The Mayor's administrative domain continued to broaden, however, with the constant growth of the city's political structure. Mayoral commissions and committees multiplied in the 1950's, and this trend continues into the 1990's. Traditionally the focal point of the city government, the Mayor continues to direct most aspects of municipal activities.

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DateSeries NameDescriptionMSA Citation
  Details1797-1802Calhoun Correspondence to the City CounselFormal communications, messages, and memos sent by Mayor James Calhoun to the first and second branches of the City Council. Subjects include health concerns, erection of a hospital, Mayor's approval or disapproval of ordinances, suggestions for council legislation, watching and lighting of the city, dredging of the harbor, prevention of fire, city revenues and expenditures, introduction of additional supplies of drinking water into the city, and erection of a gunpowder magazine. The February 9, 1801 and February 8, 1802 messages were printed in the Mayor's Messages 1800- 1830 (available at the Archives Reference Library).BRG9-1
  Details1797-1923Mayor's Correspondence

All varieties of correspondence. The large majority of items are addressed to individual Mayors, with regularly appearing outgoing letters. Subjects cover most aspects of city government including taxation, licensing, ordinances and resolutions, public health, schools, property ownership, litigation, railroads, claims against the city, proposals, charitable enterprises, opening and closing streets, paving streets, citizen complaints, relationship with federal and state government, port concerns, general administration, requests for information and publications from other municipalities, and applications for and appointments to municipal positions.

See descriptions of similar material in Series 1, 3, and 4.

  Details1885-1900Miscellaneous Incoming Mayoral Correspondence

Letters, petitions, telegrams, reports, and memos addressed to individual Mayors. These records were left out of the HRS survey, because they were either discovered at a later date or were maintained separately. There is, however, no readily discernable difference in form or content between this material and that of similar date in the HRS grouping. Included are items from city agency chiefs and subordinates, congressmen, mayors from other municipalities, state government officials, attorneys, businessmen, concerned citizens, and others. Among the topics discussed are applications for and appointment to municipal offices, complaints, requests for information, charitable enterprises, letters of sympathy, and numerous other matters relating to the operation of municipal government.

See description in Series 2.

  Details1885-1900Miscellaneous Outgoing Mayoral Correspondence

Contains mostly letterpress copies, although some originals are included. Topics cover political appointments, approval or disapproval of ordinances and resolutions, replies to an assortment of citizen's complaints, communications to city agencies, and reguests for information from other municipalities. Much of the material was created by subordinates representing the Mayor.

See also Series 28. Items were separated from material described in Series 3.

  Details1890-1896Police Marshal Frey, Incoming Correspondence

Communications to Frey from district police captains concerning various arrest cases and fines. Possibly forwarded to the Mayor for his consideration in instances where those arrested requested a remittance of a fine.

Items separated from material described in Series 3.

  Details1884-1896General Correspondence

Letters, notes, and reports. Items are related to Mayor's Office, but were not sent or received by it directly. The material probably was forwarded individually to the Mayor's Office by other city offices for reference. A wide assortment of subjects are covered, including personal concerns, professional opinions, the Topographical Survey of Baltimore, taxation, business transactions, city agency reports, and communications to and from the City Council.

All items were separated from materials described in Series 3.


Separated papers and fragments of correspondence, reports, and other material.

Items were removed from records in Series 3.

  Details1895-1896Mayor Alcaeus Hooper, Inspector of Gas and Illuminating Oils Reports

Weekly statistical summaries of oils used in city street lights; all items are addressed to Mayor Hooper. Includes "the average of the observations on the illuminating power and chemical purity of the illuminating gas supplied by the Consolidated Gas-Light Company," along with flash temperatures and densities of oil samples procured from dealers in designated districts of the city.

These materials were removed from Series 3.

  Details1896Mayor Alcaeus Hooper, Health Department Reports

All items are "sanitary reports" by George H. Everhart concerning Baltimore area water supplies. Includes studies of Towson, Potts Spring, Paterson's Run, Loch Raven tributaries, Western Run, Beaver Dam Stream, Gunpowder River, Albins Run, George's Run, and tributaries of Lake Roland. Also includes information on geographic situation and general sanitary condition of water sources.

Materials removed from Series 3.

  Details1837-1900Assorted Printed Items

Various flyers, Mayoral Office forms, legislative acts, patents, bank statements, magazine reprints, and "catalogue of iron cells for Calabooses and Police Stations."

All items separated from material described in Series 3.

  Details1890-1896Transcript Copies of Ordinances and Resolutions

Possibly Mayor's reference copies of pending legislation in the City Council.

Removed from items described in Series 3.

  Details1895-1900Assorted Mayoral Records

Variety of singular items associated with Mayor's Office. Includes financial calculations, list of vaccine physicians, electric lighting specifications, legal opinions, lists of city officer nominations, "Conditions of Loans, July 8, 1896," "Facts about Bush St. Sewer," "Location of Public Drinking Fountains in Baltimore, 1896," "Statements of the City Account," and "Report of Sanitary Committee of the West Baltimore Improvement Association."

Material removed from items in Series 3.

  Details1904-1907Timanus Administrative Files

Incoming and outgoing letters, legal papers and opinions, agency reports, accounts of agency expenditures, invitations, petitions, and printed material. Among subjects covered are general information requests; city procurement of goods and services; municipal ice and tug boats; complaints; renovation of sections burnt in February 1904 fire; September 1906 jubilee; applications and recommendations for positions; requests for permits; conventions and meetings; remission of fines; public education; claims against city government; personnel; public health; street improvement and construction; regulation of commercial signs; promotion of the city; railroads and street railways; electrical services; telephone and water services; charity; and other matters relating to the functions of the city government. City agencies and officials with the most representation are the City Solicitor, City Engineer; Inspector of Buildings, Sewerage Commission, and Electrical Commission.

There is a file folder listing available.

  Details1907-1911Mahool Administrative Files

Majority of items are incoming and outgoing letters, although agency reports, invitations, legal papers and petitions are included as well. Subjects include assorted conventions and meetings; charity and charity organizations; 1910 "West Segregation Ordinance"; investigations and audits of city agencies; appointments to commissions; paving, grading, and opening of streets; 1908 "Dog Ordinance"; establishment of playgrounds; assorted complaints and protests; Baltimore business promotional activities; railroads and street railways; establishment and maintenance of monuments; art exhibitions; regulation of commercial signs; utility services; claims against the city; improvement suggestions; League of American Municipalities; Merchants and Manufacturers Association; requests for permits; and other matters relating to city government functions. City officials and agencies with the most representation are the City Solicitor, City Engineer, Sewerage Commission, Electrical Commission, City Council, Water Department, and Inspector of Buildings.

There is a file folder listing available.

  Details1911-1919Preston Administrative Files

Incoming and outgoing letters constitute the bulk of the material with agency reports, printed material, and legal papers included as well. Subjects include assorted political controversies, the First World, city and national activities, construction, improvement and extention of city streets, construction of Loch Raven Dam, various civic contests, erection of monuments and memorials, segregation ordinance, "Sabbath Day" laws, commercial promotion of Baltimore, National Star Spangled Banner Celebration, Maryland General Assembly matters concerning the city, 1912 Democratic national convention, Pennsylvania Railroad improvement plans, annexation, "1918 Home Rule bill," and employment applications. City agencies and officials most often represented are the Commissioners for Opening Streets, Water Department, Harbor Board, City Engineer, Department of Public Parks and Squares, City Council, and Highway Engineer. A sizeable body of material relates to the Maryland General Assembly.

There is a file folder listing available.

  Details1919-1923Broening Administrative Files (first term)

Mostly incoming and outgoing letters. Also includes agency reports, printed items, and financial statements. Among subjects covered are applications and recommendations for employment, port and harbor concerns, erection of monuments and memorials, public health, patriotic and holiday celebrations, laws and regulations, publications, insurance coverage, and schools. Agencies freguently mentioned are the Harbor Board, Health Department, Law Department, and Department of Education.

There is a file folder listing available.

  Details1923-1927Jackson Administrative Files

Although legal documents, agency reports, printed material, speeches, and minutes are abundantly represented, this series mostly contains incoming and outgoing correspondence. Subjects covered are commericial promotions of the city, the World Court, assorted celebrations and commemorations, strike against the city by local contract labor, street traffic, laws and regulations, public health, real estate, zoning, racial segregation, public education, harbor concerns, applications for employment, and city employee pensions. Agencies frequently mentioned are the Law Department, Committee on Traffic, City Council, Municipal Art Commission, Health Department, Board of School Commissioners, and Employee's Retirement System.

There is a file folder listing available.

  Details1927-1931Broening Administrative Files (second term)

Although incoming and outgoing letters constitute most of the material, legal documents, printed material, and speeches are included as well. Subjects include applications and recommendations for employment, stray dog control, municipal relations with the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, assorted public works projects, various celebrations, proposed use of daylight savings time, unemployment relief, zoning, Pennsylvania Railroad improvements, airport construction, and proposed installment system for tax payment. City offices best represented are the Law Department, City Council, Public Improvement Commission, Baltimore Airport Commission, and Chief Engineer.

See BCA microfilm reels 200 and 201 for index of original files.

There is a file folder listing available.

  Details1931-1935Jackson Administrative Files (second term)

Incoming and outgoing letters comprise the bulk of the material along with agency reports, legal documents, printed material, and speeches. Among the subjects covered are various local, state, and national economic recovery and relief efforts, applications and recommendations for city employment, establishment and operation of the Walters Art Gallery, patriotic and commemorative celebrations, city budgetary matters, U.S. Conference of Mayors, personnel, General Assembly activities, railroad consolidation, investigations of city departments for waste and corruption, and Jackson speeches. Official city organizations mostly represented are the Commission, Supervisors of City Charities, City Council, City Auditor, and Chief Engineer.

There is a file folder listing available.

  Details1935-1939Jackson Administrative Files (third term)

Speeches, legal documents, printed material, and reports with the great majority of items incoming or outgoing letters. Among subjects covered are city unemployment and emergency relief programs, applications and recommendations for employment, airport construction, unionization of municipal employees, relief cases, personnel recommendations, and Jackson political campaigns and speeches. City organizations best represented are Baltimore Emergency Relief Commission, City Council, Law Department, Committee of Rehabilitation of the Blighted Areas, and Department of Education.

There is a file folder listing available.

  Details1939-1943Jackson Administrative Files (fourth term)

Incoming and outgoing correspondence make up most of this material, with reports, speeches, legal documents, and printed material also represented. Subjects covered include applications and recommendations for employment, U.S. Conference of Mayors, city-state relations, airport matters, city planning, city wartime activities and civil defense, administrative recommendations and appointments, and public improvement loans. City organizations and individuals most abundantly represented include the Housing Authority, Chief Engineer, City Solicitor, Public Improvement Commission, Commission on City Plan, City Council, Civilian Mobilization Committee, Committee for Post-War Planning, Board of School Commissioners, and Baltimore Committee for Civil Defense.

There is a file folder listing available.

  Details1943-1947McKeldin Administrative Files (first term)

Incoming and outgoing letters with reports, legal documents, minutes, and printed material. Subjects include airport matters, planning activities, black war worker housing projects, proposed automobile expressways, urban renewal, city legal matters, Mayoral proclamations, proposed Chesapeake and city harbor bridges, Civil Defense activities, municipal stadium, and assorted improvement projects. City agencies most abundantly represented are Baltimore City Aviation Commission, Commission on City Plan, Committee for Post War Planning, Law Department, City Council, City Charter Revision Committee, Baltimore Housing Authority, and Civilian Mobilization Committee.

There is a file folder listing available.

  Details1947-1959D'Alesandro, Jr. Administrative Files

Incoming and outgoing letters with minutes, printed materials, legal documents, and speeches. Topics include airport matters, public housing, urban renewal, labor strikes, budgetary concerns, veterans benefits, Civic Center construction, traffic regulation, race relations, appointments of municipal government officials, highway and street construction, hospitals, relations with state and federal authorities, city planning, port activities, parks and playgrounds, schools, U.S. Conference of Mayors, Second World War commemoration, and assorted complaints and protests. City agencies most represented include Airport Board, Budget Director, Comptroller, Department of Public Welfare, City Council, City Planning Commission, Department of Public Works, Department of Recreation and Parks, Baltimore Redevelopment Commission, Board of School Commissioners, Department of Transit and Traffic, and Walters Art Gallery.

There is a file folder listing available.

  Details1959-1963Grady-Goodman Administrative Files

These files are from the administration of J. Harold Grady (May 1959 - December 1962) and Philip Goodman (December 1962 - May 1963). Incoming and outgoing letters comprise most of the material with reports, minutes, legal documents, speeches and printed material represented in smaller amounts. Subjects include Friendship International Airport operation, American Municipal Association, U.S. Conference of Mayors, appointments, commercial development, urban renewal, housing, budgets, Charles Center construction, civil defense, charitable enterprises, Democratic politics, local associations, establishment of the experimental conservation district, public health, hospitals, Jones Falls Expressway, state and federal legislation, public celebrations, labor unions, city planning, East-West Expressway, recreation and parks, the Mayor's schedule, public schools, snow and ice control, traffic, public welfare, and zoning. Agencies and organizations most represented are the Airport Board, Baltimore Association of Commerce, Baltimore Council of Social Agencies, City Council, Law Department, Commission on Governmental Efficiency and Economy, Equal Opportunity Commission, University of Maryland Extension Service, Fire Department, Health Department, Planning Commission, Maryland Port Authority, Department of Public Works, Department of Recreation and Parks, Department of Transit and Traffic, Department of Public Welfare, and Board of Municipal and Zoning Appeals.

There is a file folder listing available.

  Details1963-1967McKeldin Administrative Files (second term)

Incoming and outgoing letters with minutes, committee reports, speeches, and legislation. Subjects include appointments, architectural preservation, City Hall renovation, civil rights, Anti-Poverty Program, Community Renewal Program, Concentrated Employment Program, Congress of Racial Equality, Target City, presidential election, Jones Falls Expressway Design Committee, food market strikes, City Jail, proposed changes in the housing code, Inner Harbor renewal, task force on equal rights, neighborhood conservation, open housing legislation, riots, Sesquicentennial Celebration, unions, zoning and city planning. City agencies and departments represented in the files include Commission on Problems of the Aging, Baltimore Community Relations Commission, Department of Finance, City Solicitor, City Council, Board of Ethics, Health Department, Department of Public Works, Department of Recreation and Parks, Department of Public Welfare, and the Board of Zoning and Municipal Zoning Appeals.

There is a file folder listing available.

See also RG.24 (Charter Revision Commission) and McKeldin's personal papers (1943-1971) maintained at the Baltimore Region Institutional Study Center.

  Details1967-1971D'Alesandro III Administrative Files

Inter-departmental memos and correspondence constitute the majority of the records. Reports, speeches, minutes, legislation, and incoming and outgoing letters are the bulk of the remaining material. The administrative files of Mayor Thomas J. D'Alesandro III reflect, in their arrangement and content, two major themes: decentralization of the municipal government and social programs orientated towards poorer communities. Five administrative assistants were assigned to the Mayor's Office to act as liasons with city agencies and it is the records of these mayoral assistants that represent the majority of the records of the D'Alesandro III administration. The administrative assistants were Peter N. Marudas, Kalman R. Hettleman, John W. Eddinger, and Joseph L. Smith.

Sub-series I contains the records of Peter N. Marudas, who acted as the primary liason with the City Council, Board of Estimates, and Criminal Justice Agencies. Subjects include ordinances, Minimum Wage Commission, City Council, Department of Public Works, Department of Recreation and Parks, Civic Center, Board of Estimates, City Solicitor, Department of Finance, and Baltimore Museum of Art.

The records of Joseph L. Smith and John W. Eddinger constitute sub-series II. Subjects include Neighborhood Mayor's Stations, Community Action Agency, Community Relations Commission, aging, air pollution, Health Department, city hospitals, speeches, and Department of Economic Development.

Sub-series III contains the files of Kalman R. Hettleman. Subjects include the state legislature, housing, transportation, metropolitan affairs and civil rights, budget, civil disorders, Department of Education, Department of Housing and Community Development, interstate roads, Model Cities, multi-purpose centers, Baltimore Urban Coalition, and Mayor's Advisory Committee on Workable Programs for Community Improvement.

There is a file folder listing available.

  Details1801-1971Printed Mayoral Material

This series consists of printed material, some of which is also duplicated in the Baltimore City Department of Legislative Reference Library, Maryland Historical Society, and the Maryland Department of the Enoch Pratt Free Library. The two major types of printed records created by the Mayor's Office are the annual messages and published statements issued by the mayor.

The "Mayor's Message" (also called the "Mayor's Communication," "Mayor's Annual Report," or individually titled), delivered annually to the City Council, is an account of the general state of the city. This document provides a summary of the financial status of the city, the Mayor's opinions on ordinances, and statements of the development of various city departments. No manuscript or printed copy survives of the annual message for 1797, the first yaer of the city's existence. A progress report written by Mayor James Calhoun to the City Council dated June 19, 1797 which adheres to the format of subsequent messages, is in the holdings of the Baltimore City Archives, RG.9, Series 1, Box 1. The earliest extant message is dated February 12, 1798. This and the following two messages of February 11, 1799 and February 10, 1800 were printed in daily newspapers, but were not included in any published compilation of messages. Manuscript copies of the 1798 and 1799 messages are part of BCA RG.9, Series 1, Box 1; the 1800 message is part of BCA RG.16, Series 1. The first published compilation of "Mayor's Messages" was printed in 1831 containing the messages from 1801 through 1831. Other compilations exist for 1832-1860, 1861-1879, 1880-1890, 1915-1937, 1943-1947, 1947-1951, and 1963-1967. "Mayor's Messages" for these, and interveing years, were published in Baltimore Annual Reports from 1856 to 1919. The messages were also included in the Journal of Proceedings of the Baltimore City Council from 1801 to 1979. "Mayor's Messages" have been prepared sporadically in the twentieth century.

The earliest of the Mayor's reports have been reprinted in William G. LeFurgy, "Prudent Laws and Wise Regulations: Three early Baltimore Mayor's Messages, 1797-1799, "Maryland Historical Magazine, 78, No. 4 (Winter, 1983), 278-86.

Sources for other Mayoral publications include the Baltimore Municipal Journal. 1913-1931, BCA RG.26, Series 1; Journals of the Maryland State Senate and House of Delegates; local newspapers; and individually published speeches and policy statements.

  Details1871-1907Mayoral LetterbooksManuscript and letterbook copies of outgoing letters. Some volumes are indexed.BRG9-28
  Details1797-1899City AppointeesPrimarily city appointees and nominees. Also includes mayoral proclamations, communications with the City Council, election returns, list of City Council Members and other officers of the corporation. Some volumes are indexed.BRG9-29
  Details1862-1962Oath Books

Manuscript and printed oaths signed by appointees, lists of appointees and dates of appointments. Some volumes are indexed.

1899 through 1962 are on microfilm.

  Details1873-1879Permit and Complaint BooksComplaints received and permits granted by the Mayor's Office.BRG9-31
  Details1844-1875Mayor's Record BooksPrimarily manuscript copies of outgoing letters and communications with the City Council. Also included are appointments, proclamations, election returns, ward boundaries, list of ordinances and resolutions, and newspaper clippings.BRG9-32
  Details1912-1918Visitors BookChronological lists of names of visitors to the Mayor's Office.BRG9-33
  Details1911-1935Mayoral CampaignsCampaign scrapbooks of James H. Preston and documents of Howard W. Jackson and his supporters during the 1935 campaign.BRG9-34
  Details1860-1919General Mayoral RecordsMiscellany of volumes maintained by the Mayor's Office. Includes lists of ordinances, Annual Report of the Sewerage Commission, fine book, and minutes of the Committee to Superintend Erection of City Hall.BRG9-35
  Details1880-1915Mayoral Records IndexesIndexes maintained by the Mayor's Office pertaining to correspondence and administrative files. Indexes to Mayor Broening's second term are on microfilm (BCA 200-201).BRG9-36
  Details1904-1905General Public Improvement Conference Records

Mayor E. Clay Timanus was instrumental in the establishment and operation of this organization. Soon after the founding of the conference in December of 1904, Timanus appointed several commissions to investigate various types of municipal improvements, including: a new central police station, fire-fighting equipment, private and public streets, schools, sewers and annex loans, water supplies, and a proposed union railroad station. In addition, there were also separate executive and finance committees and a committee for "other improvements" such as street extensions and expansion of the parks system.

This series consists mostly of minutes generated by these committees. Some correspondence and several committee reports are also available. Much of the material concerns specific improvement proposals, many of which were implemented by the municipality.

  Details1952-1986Personnel Appointments (Non-Civil Service)

Personnel-related records concerning staff of the Mayor's Office who received non-Civil Service appointments. Mayoral administrations represented are: Thomas J. D'Alesandro, Jr., J. Harold Grady, Philip H. Goodman, Theodore R. McKeldin, Thomas J. D'Alesandro, III, William Donald Schaefer, and Clarence "Du" Burns.

Various types of documentation appear including correspondence, certifications of service, cut-off tickets, change notices, entry tickets, withholding exemption certificates, newspaper clippings, lists of Mayor's Office personnel, payroll rosters, budget requests, appropriation details.

A listing of the personnel whose records are included is available.

These records are available on microfilm only and their usage is restricted. They may not be examined unless the person is deceased or seventy-five (75) years have elapsed since their date of employment.

  Details1971-1986Mayor's Newspaper Clippings

Newspaper clippings on a wide variety of subjects concerning Mayor William Donald Schaefer, the City of Baltimore, as well as other Baltimore City officials, employees, citizens, and groups. Highlighted are city events, places, landmarks, personalities, sports, recreation, etc.. The bulk of the clippings are from the period 1974-1978. Newspapers represented include all major Baltimore newspapers, as well as newspapers from around the State of Maryland; Washington, D.C.; Wilmington, Delaware; and York, Pennsylvania.

A container listing is available.

  Details1817Mayor George Stiles CorrespondenceAll items in this series relate to the June 2, 1817 visit to Baltimore by President James Monroe as part of his national tour. Three letters make up this series: one from Mayor Stiles to the City Council detailing plans for the visit; another from Stiles officially welcoming Monroe; and another to Stiles and the City Council from Monroe thanking them for their welcome and giving some reasons why he is touring the nation.BRG9-40
  Details1897-1899Mayor William T. Malster ScrapbooksScrapbooks generated prior to and during the administration of Mayor William T. Malster. The books contain articles from local newspapers. The period covered includes the election campaign of 1897 through the end of Malster's term as mayor in November 1899.BRG9-41
  Details1962-1992Mayor William Donald SchaeferThe official papers of Mayor William Donald Schaefer to which there is a topical index prepared by Rebecca Gunby. The index is to the box numbers listed in the box column of the guide to series 42 of BCA BRG49. The Gunby Topical Index is also available as a searchable pdf.BRG9-42
  Details1987Mayor Clarence "Du" BurnsThe offical papers of Mayor Clarence "Du" Burns (1918-2003). Burns was Baltimore's first African American city council president and its first African American mayor. He was first elected to the Baltimore City Council in 1971, serving as a member for the 2nd District and council president after Walter Orlinksy stepped down in 1982. He became mayor in 1987 to fill the unexpired term of William Donald Schaefer following his election as governor and held the position for ten months before the next election in the fall of 1987. In that election, Burns ran for mayor against state's attorney Kurt L. Schmoke, losing in a close race where polls had shown earlier that Schmoke had been as much as thirty points ahead of Burns during the campaign. Burns ran again for mayor in 1991 but was unsuccessful. The Clarence H. Du Burns Soccer Arena in Canton is named in his honor. His official portrait was painted by Nathaniel Gibbs and hangs in City Hall in Baltimore along with other mayors of the city.

Note: the papers require some additional archival appraisal and processing.

  Details1987-1999Mayor Kurt SchmokePapers of Mayor Kurt L. Schmoke [NOTE: the material is being described and cataloged currently (2016). Contact the Baltimore City Archives or bookmark this page for updates.]
"During his tenure as Baltimore’s mayor, Schmoke initiated a number of innovative programs in housing, education, public health and economic development. In 1992, President George H.W. Bush awarded him the National Literacy Award for his efforts to promote adult literacy. Two years later, President Bill Clinton praised his programs aimed at improving public housing and enhancing community-based economic development. The Clinton administration selected Baltimore as one of six cities to receive an Empowerment Zone designation in 1994."
  Details1999-2007Mayor Martin O'MalleyThe Mayoral Papers of Martin O'Malley have not been transferred to the Baltimore City Archives. Some files relating to O'Malley's service on the City Council are held in BRG16, Series 19 BRG9-45
  Details2007-2010Mayor Sheila DixonThe Mayoral Papers of Sheila Dixon have not been transferred to the Baltimore City Archives. BRG9-46
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