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Civil War Research in Maryland

Essential Starting Sources at the Maryland State Archives

To locate Civil War records at the Maryland State Archives, the following resources must be consulted:

The Civil War and Its Records

Service Records for the Union Army are housed at the National Archives, and  include card abstracts and documents relating to individual soldiers, such as voluntary enlistment papers, prisoner of war papers, and death reports. There is no master index, rather a separate index for each state, and for each organization that is not connected with a particular state. Look for:

Veterans' benefits consist almost entirely of pension applications. N.B.: All pension applications, 1861-1934, excluding World War I and certain Indian wars, are in one series.

The National Archives also contains some records of Confederate Soldiers:

Pension records for individuals serving in the Confederacy are housed at the Archives for the state in which the soldier served from.

Again, do not forget that in addition to records at the National Archives there were records compiled by state and local governments. In Baltimore City, female dependents of Union Soldiers applied for bounty or relief payments. These applications, filed at the Baltimore City Archives may contain data such as dates of marriage, names and dates of birth of children and depositions of neighbors and relatives, attesting to the need and character of the applicant.

Select Bibliography

Abbreviations Used for Periodicals:

Books and Articles:

For more information on Maryland and the Civil War, please search our library catalog.

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This information resource of the Maryland State Archives is presented here for fair use in the public domain. When this material is used, in whole or in part, proper citation and credit must be attributed to the Maryland State Archives. PLEASE NOTE: Rights assessment for associated source material is the responsibility of the user.

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